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The Finnish Mosin Nagant Rifle-Carbine

Production Information And Notes

Brent Snodgrass


In the chart below one will be able to quickly find information on the Finnish manufacture of the Mosin Nagant rifle and carbine.  The production numbers on the chart come from a number of sources, these include official Finnish records as found in the works of Markku Palokangas, other outlets in Finland, data collecting with various researchers in the USA and Finland,  as well as research information on serial number ranges.  In some cases the exact production numbers are known but there are cases when the exact numbers are a bit of a mystery and one has to apply logic to set a total.  As such while the numbers below can be used a guide one also has to view these numbers with a bit of leeway. 

It is suggested that if you want more detailed information read the various articles on Mosin Nagant Dot Net, as you will not find more detailed information anywhere in the English language.  Also please see Sotilaskasiaseet Suomessa 1918-1991 Volumes 1-3 by Markku Palokangas: Vammalan Kirijapaino Oy. - Thanks Brent



Barrel Manufacturer
Production Years
Production Totals


Model 1891 SAT

Suomen Ampumataruikehdas

Marked SAT Riihimaki





One of the most rare of the Finnish Mosin Nagants, the so called SAT M91's were the first Finn attempt at creating new barrels for the M91 rifle.  Very few of these rifles are in known collections today.



Model 1924

Schweizerische Industrie-Gesellschaft of Neuhausen am Rheinfalls or SIG

Venus Waffenfabrik (Germany)

Oscar Will / Venuswaffenwerk (Germany)

Wilhelm Foss (Germany)



It is possible that some prototypes were made in 1923 but it is not 100% clear if this took place or not.  1924 is the first year of full production.


~ 27,000

With only 5,000 of the total being SIG made barrels.


There were 3,000 barrels that are unstepped while the rest are the heavier stepped versions.  The unstepped barrels can be Swiss or German.  The M24 is one of the more interesting Mosin Nagant since this is the first Civil Guard production rifle.  They were made in low numbers and are nice collector's items.  A carbine version of the M24 was also made but in very low numbers.  There are no known totals for M24 carbine production.



Model 1891

Early Tikka










The first rifles made in 1925 and 1926 will be dated under the barrel while mid production 1926 and all 1927 barrels will have the date marking on the top of the barrel shank. It is not uncommon to see these early rifles with added Civil Guard district numbers.  The rifles were assembled at Arms Depot 1. There were 3,000 barrels produced that were a stepped version such as seen with the M24.



Model 1891 P-Series



Older Russian barrels relined by Arms Depot Number 1 (AV1)









Production of the barrels was halted in 1927-28 as a committee deemed the barrels substandard.  It was later found this was not the case and the rifle barrels were refitted in the time frame of the Winter War.  By May of 1940 over 8,000 of these older “rejected” barrels were

fitted to rifles. 

There was also testing of this relining method on dragoon barrels as 1,490 were made in 1926.  These dragoon rifles are very rare collector’s items.

Model 1891

Tikka (1940's)







M91 production began in 1940 to assist in the need for rifles. The rifles were assembled at AV 1 and AV3. A segment of these barrels were cutdown postwar being made into M39 rifles.  

Model 1891





Model 1891

B Barrel






Belgium Barrel Blanks






Postwar exact years unknown





13,000 barrel blanks were provided by Belgium and made into rifles postwar.  Many of these M91 barrel blanks were made into M39's so the total number of M91 B barrels




VKT also began production of barrels in 1940 with the rifles assembled at AV1 or AV3.  The B barrels were blanks supplied by Belgium that were worked by VKT in to the finished barrel.  All B M91's were assembled post war and are a rather uncommon version of the M91 rifle since most of the barrel blanks were made

into M39 rifles.  In the postwar years M91 VKT barrels were also cutdown and made into M39 barrels, so the end totals of the M91 barrels is lower than the 32,000 listed.


Model 1927 Rifle








1932 and 1935




1932: 2150

1935:  ~400

What was to be the standard battle rifle of the Finnish Army.  A very interesting rifle with a

number of sub-variations.

In a 1951 inventory there were 26,700 M27's in Finnish stocks*

 *Sotilaskasiaseet Suomessa



Model 1927 Carbine







VKT: 1937 but reusing older barrels not creating new barrels





VKT: Less than 225

A very rare version of the Mosin Nagant with only 250-300 in the world today. These were issued to soldiers in the elite Cavarly Brigade, some of the best soldiers in Finland.



Model 1928



















Total Production:



Three plants produced barrels for the M28 but the rifles were assembled at SAKO.  SAKO began barrel production quite late so there were many fewer SAKO barrels made compared to SIG or Tikka.

In a 1951 inventory only 16,700 M28 rifles were in Finnish depots*

*Sotilaskasiaseet Suomessa




Model 1928/1930













One of the best rifles the Finnish produced these rifles saw hard issue and service life.  There was also a sniper version of the M28/30 but only 11 were produced.  There is also a later date version of these put together from older parts.  These will be dated 1968-1970.  They are quite uncommon to locate as the totals were low.

In 1951 the Finns held 22,000 of these rifles in their depots.*

*Sotilaskasiaseet Suomessa









Model 1939






















Postwar work done in the 1960's

early 1970's


60,000 For

Army Contract

10,500 For

SKY Contract



Note - Some VKT M39's were  done postwar by making use of VKT M91 barrels so the end total of M39's is higher.  The number above is from the first production.


Production totals are not known as these rifles were made from cutting down M91 blanks from Belgium.  It is not clear how many of these M91 barrels were cutdown to M39 specs.

A safe bet would be

to place these in the

8,000+ range.


5,000 done postwar from Tikka M91 barrels.

Other Postwar Versions:

This to include the no maker no date version, the 48 stamped version, as well as the 1967-1970 1973 version. These are rifles made from unfinished or unused parts of earlier production rifles.

All later versions:

~3,000-3,500 total








The M39 is one of the most commonly seen Finnish Mosin Nagants in collections.  They are accurate, well made, and interesting rifles. SAKO produced rifles from 1940-1945 with the SKY contract starting in 1942 and ending in 1944.  VKT barrel production was from 1940 to 1944.  VKT barrels were fitted to recievers at AV3.

In 1951 there were 78,000 M39 rifles in Finnish depots.*

*Sotilaskasiaseet Suomessa



Model 1891/1930






Post war as well


1943: 5,000

1944: 9,000+

Note - this is barrel production only

not finished rifles


The rifles were assembled at Arms Depot Number 3 with most of the rifles being built in the 1950's.  At the war's end in 1944 the Finns had assembled only 5,000 rifles.


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