Red Army's Self Loading Rifles
Ishevsk receiver mark. This mark was also used on the SVT-38.
Tula receiver mark.
marking was used by the Kovrov arsenal, a supplemental manufacturer
of the SVT 40 from 1940 to 1941. This armaments factory, located
some 260km east of Moscow, ceased production in 1941 to concentrate
on machinegun production like the Maxim m/1910 and automatic
airborne cannon like those used in the Shturmovik and Mig
Tula receiver mark. The box above the star indicates that
this gun was rebuilt into SVT-40 configuration. Note the longer
reciever bridge ( flat ) length.
Ishevsk with a German test/capture proof overstamped to indicate
use by the Wermacht. Interesting note: this gun is also Finnish
capture marked (SA).
Finnish capture mark on receiver side. Note the line out of
the original serial number and the addition of the Finnish
serial number 81.
series top to bottom: SVT-38, SVT-40, AVT-40, and SVT-40 Carbine
right and left views. Bottom gun is Finnish capture marked
and is fitted with a later canvas sling.
This SVT 38
mfg. at Tula in 1940 was captured by Finnish forces more
than likely at the closeof the Winter War. Note the bolt
carrier does not have any lighting grooves on the sides
of the bolt carrier as the later SVT 40 did to reduce some
weight. The seam of the two piece stock can be seen here
The SVT 38 used
two barrel bands to retain the short sheet metal handguard
and the long wooden handguard. The bayonet lug is also
visible here with no provision to hold the cleaning rod.
It is located on the right side of the stock. The muzzle
break is also clearly shown. It is slightly larger than
it's later version used on the SVT 40.
This picture shows
the stock seam for the rear and fore pieces of the stock
as well as the cleaning rod seated in it's retention groove
inletted into the right side of the stock. The SVT
38 magazine is also shown
The SVT 38's cleaning
rod groove to retain the cleaning rod. The rod is removed
to show the metal housing at the rear and the cross bolt
of the rear portion of the stock The Finnish Army used the
SVT in great numbers during the Winter and Continuation
Wars, some 15,000 were captured. The need for tool kits
was a necessity for the newly captured rifles.
SVT 38's two piece stock disassembled to show it in halves-front
The two halves of
the SVT 38 stock, rear and front. The peg and recess for
the two to join is evident in this picture. This feature
was a week point for the SVT rifle and was discontinued
on the updated version in 1940 with production of the
SVT 40 in a one piece stock.
This is a side by
side comparison of the early standard style stock found
on SVT 40 rifles produced prior to 1942. On the left
is the standard stock. On the right is a rare heavy hardwood
stock on a 1944 produced SVT that was an attempt to remedy
the stock cracking problem that plagued the SVT in
it's later forms, particularly the AVT type rifles. This
stock is not only physically bigger it is noticeably heavier
and of a different wood type, a hardwood instead of the
earlier artic birch.
SVT rifle was produced in the model 40 configuration from
1940 thru 1945 when production was ordered to cease. It was
the first mass issued semi automatic weapon in service with
a major power. Intial plans called for over 2 million of these
rifles to be produced to equip the Red Army. That number was
never realized.This rifle is in it's standard early form and
is a 1940 Ishevsk produced weapon. It's detachable box magazine
held 10 rds of 7.62mm ammunition and a integral muzzle break
was standard for this weapon
sniper scope/mount, magazine/pouch, M40 helmet, cleaning kit,
and bayonet with scabbard. All a good Red Army soldier
later one-piece front swivel left and two-part front swivel
view of 6X sniper rifle.
scope and mounts with lens caps and covers. The top is the
3.5X. Note that it has an additional buckle on the top to
roll the cover up on the mounted scope for protection when
the scope is not mounted. The bottom is the 6X with
its distinctive cover. Note the increased size of the
cover and length of the lens cap.
up of an early SVT scope and its markings.
view of the SVT sniper rifle. These were put to use
by both Soviet, German, and Finnish snipers in WW2.
The advantage of the semi auto as a sniper rifle is the lack
of movement that is required to work a bolt action.
Sniper rifle with scope cover.
unusual stocks appear in mid to late 1942 on the SVT
40 rifle. Some but not all are in an AVT configuration.
For the sake of this article and from evidence of Soviet
photographs I refer to this stock configuration of a front
swivel on the band and a rear slot in the stock like
Mosin Nagant as a Naval Infantry stock. Various pictures
of Soviet Marines disembarking craft or used in a land based
role show them with this type of stock in use. The sling
is a modified SVT sling that utilizes a rear sling
loop while the front retains the normal strap. The use of
this style stock appears to have been from 1942 to 1945
from observed examples dated and marked as such.
full side shot of the type of sling used for this configuration
stock-the Naval Infantry version. Note the strap in the
front as found on the typical SVT sling and the lack of
one on the rear, instead a sling keeper is used and a sling
loop to utilize the slot in the rear of the stock. There
are two versions of this sling. Type 1 as shown on
this gun and another -type 2- that has a sling loop with
a buckle type attachment that projects of the side at a
90 degree angle and fastens through he slot preventing
it from pulling through. It closely resembles a K98 type
buckle. This sling, the type 2, is very rare and I have
only encountered two in my time collecting. The addition
of the 90 degree strap on the rear sling loop prevents the
sling from twisting when the rifle was slung.
and late SVT40 muzzle breaks
Top and AVT40 Bottom
cartouche AVT rifle. It is rather common to see these
stocks on later reworked SVT40's since extra stocks were in
place when AVT production was halted.
Here you can clearly
see the difference in the stock dimensions between the SVT
on the left and the AVT style on the right. You can also
see the dual safety cut out's on the AVT instead of the
single cut out of the earlier SVT. This allowed the safety
to swing to the left to trip the weapon into a full auto
mode. This was not a widely successful conversion. Soviet
soldiers where only allowed to switch the weapon to a full
auto capacity only upon direct command of a superior, and
then only in dire circumstances. Many of the currently
imported SVT are fit with the later AVT style stock as many unissued
stocks from earlier production runs were available post
war and used in the rebuilding process.
bayonets. From left to right: SVT-38, early SVT-40
edge up , polished SVT-40, blued SVT-40
early, SVT-40 polished, and SVT-40 blued.